Welcome to epoch.pet, here on our raw feeding section you can find everything you need to know to start your pet on a raw diet.
There are two main models of raw feeding and these are
Prey Model Raw (PMR) or Whole Prey model.
BARF Model (Biologically Appropriate Raw Feeding or Bones and Raw food).
On this page, we are going to explain how to work out how much to feed your pet and their ideal body weight.
Let’s jump straight in and work out how much to feed your furry friend each day and their ideal expected body weight!
So a lot of people worry and get really stressed out when they are first starting or even considering raw feeding because they aren’t sure how much they need to feed their pet.
The truth is it is so simple!
The basic percentages for feeding your pet is worked out in relation to their ideal expected body weight.
You should feed your pet 2-3% of their ideal expected body weight per day.
My girl Nia’s ideal body weight is about 15/16 kilos.
1% of 15 kilos is 150 grams x 2 is a total of 300 grams a day.
1% of 16 kilos is 160 grams x 3 is a total of 480 grams a day.
Therefore she gets between 300 and 480 grams a day, it all depends on how much exercise she has done and also how lean or plump she is looking.
What is important is to keep a close eye on how your pet looks and adjust accordingly, if your pet looks too skinny and has started doing more exercise then increase how much you feed. If your pet is starting to put weight on or has had a decrease in exercise then decrease how much you give them.
It is very easy to find out what your pet’s ideal expected body weight should be, you could:
There are many places online you can find out your pet’s ideal expected body weight if you just search your dogs breed along with ideal expected body weight it should come up straight away.
Ask your Veterinarian.
You could ask your vet when you take your puppy or dog for a checkup as they will most likely know how much your pet should be expected to weigh when fully grown.
Once you have found out your pet’s ideal expected body weight then you can start working out how much to feed them per day.
So depending on what raw feeding method you go for will depend on how much muscle meat, raw meaty bones, and offal you give your pet.
If you want to use the Prey Model Raw (PMR) method, then you will feed your pet:
80% Muscle Meat
10% Raw meaty bones
10% Organ (5% of this must consist of liver!)
This is what a PMR feeder would give their pet following this method.
However, if you follow the BARF method then the percentages are a little different.
70% of Muscle Meat.
10% Raw meaty bones.
10% offal (5% of this must consist of liver!)
10% fruit, veg or dairy such as kefia, goats milk or other appropriate diary sources, not cows products.
If you choose to feed the BARF method and do not want to constantly give your pet fruit, veg or dairy in their meals then just follow the percentages for Prey Model Raw (PMR) and add them in when you feel like it.
Feeding Percentages for a Puppy
So feeding percentages are a little different for puppies as they require more meals per day and extra nutrients to ensure they grow into a strong and healthy pooch.
You will find a verity of percentages out there but the resource I use is Honey’s Natural Feeding Handbook for dogs by Jonathan Self. The following information has been taken from this book and I definitely suggest purchasing it if you are going to start raw feeding, I have found it to be invaluable!
In terms of volume of food there is no hard-and-fast rule but, generally speaking, you should follow these guidelines:
0-4 months: 8%
4-6 months: 6-8%
6-9 months 4%
9-12 months: 3%
>12 months: 2%
The percentage refers to the weight of the food to be fed per day in relation to the body weight of the puppy.
The transition should be gradual, not sudden. So the day a puppy turns 6 months you don’t suddenly drop the food from 8% to 4% and in case of smaller breeds you need to up the quantity by half as much again. (Self, J. 2012 Honey’s Natural feeding handbook, second edition, page 88)
Remember that puppies must consume more meals a day than an adult dog, give your puppy 3 meals a day and always supervise when feeding.
Feeding a balanced diet is vital to all dogs but especially puppies as they require a verity of nutrients to ensure normal bone development and that they grow into a strong and healthy dog. Dogs have ten essential amino acids that their body cannot manufacture themselves, therefore they must acquire them from their diet.
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